How to use Although and Though
This English lesson shows you the ways we can use Although and Though in English.
The objective of this lesson to help you perfect your English and not commit silly mistakes.
Although and though are used three ways in English.
To mean in spite of and despite
The first use is as a substitute for in spite of and despite. Here they are used as subordinating conjunctions.
That means they join a main clause with a subordinate clause.
Look at these examples:
- We flew our kites although there wasn't much wind.
- Though it wasn't very windy, we flew our kids.
If we use in spite of or despite in this sentence, it needs to be followed by a noun or -ing.
- We flew our kites in spite of the lack of wind.
- We flew our kites in despite it not being windy.
To mean 'but' or 'however'
We can also use although and though to mean but and however.
- She says she will call, though I don't think she will. Or, She says she will call but I don't think she will.
- He says he likes fish. I don't think he does, though. Or, He says he likes fish. However, I don't think he does.
When 'though' means 'however', it is an adverb.
In reduced clauses
We can also use although and though in Reduced Clauses. A reduced clause is one that does not have a subject and a verb.
- Although quite intelligent, Sam did not pass all of his exams.
- Jones, although injured, managed to play out the game.
Here we are also using the two words to mean in spite of and despite.
- Despite being intelligent, Sam did not pass his exams.
So there you are. That is how we can use although and though in English.
Here is another lesson on linking words if you want to study a little more.
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